Mexico

Capital City: Mexico City  Region: North America
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Capital City: Mexico City
Mexico (officially: the United Mexican States) is a country in North America, lying between the United States of America to the north, and Guatemala and Belize to the southeast. Its extensive coastlines include the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Mexico has nice and warm people, unique food, art and archeology, pyramids, museums, Haciendas, 6,000 miles of shoreline, superb architecture and 21 century cities, weather from snow mountains in the Sierras, to rainy jungles in the Southeast and desert in the Northwest, lots of golf courses throughout the country, excellent fishing, world top destinations like Acapulco, Cancun, Cozumel, Los Cabos, and Patzcuaro. Mexico is ranked 7th major destination for foreigner visitors, according to WTO.

Climate

Mexico uses the metric sytem for all measurements. All weather forecasts will be in celsius (°C).
Varies from desert-like regions on the northwest part of the country (cities like Hermosillo, Ciudad Juárez, or Los Cabos); and temperate in the northeastern part (cities like Monterrey, Nuevo Laredo, Ciudad Acuña), but note that much of the northern Mexican territory gets rather cold during the winter with average day time highs from 8C (39F) to 12C (59F), overnight lows average around -4C (24F) and snow is sometimes frequent in certain northern places like (the Sierra Madre of Chihuahua, Durango, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and northern Tamaulipas) but can also occur at higher altitudes in the temperate forests in the central part of Mexico. Also, northern Mexico gets very hot during the summer with sudden violent storms in the afternoon, with heavy rain and hail, also an isolated tornado can occur with these storms but rarely, and the temperatures during the day can quickly exceed 39C (100F). The Bajío region is semiarid (cities like Aguascalientes, León and Zacatecas); and temperate forests in the central part of the country {Mexico City, Toluca}, and tropical rain forests in the south and southeast regions like (Chiapas, Cancún). The region stretching from Guadalajara to Morelia enjoys what many consider one of the best climates in the world, with daily high temps in the high 70s and 80s year round. During hurricane season, hurricanes are common in the coastal cities specially those near the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico.

Landscape

High, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; temperate plains with grasslands and Mezquite trees in the northeast, desert and even more rugged mountains in the northwest, tropical rainforests in the south and southeast {Chiapas, Cancún} semiarid in places like {Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí} and temperate coniferous and deciduous forests in the central part of the country {Mexico City, Toluca}.

Holidays

 ▪  January 1st
 ▪  January 6th: The Three Kings day, celebrating arrival of the Three Kings to see and bring gifts to baby Jesus.
 ▪  February 2nd: The Candelaria Virgin Day, celebrated in many places around the country (not an official holiday)
 ▪  February 5th: Constitution Day(1917)
 ▪  February 24th: Flag Day (not official)
 ▪  March 21st: Birth of Benito Juárez (1806). 2006 was the bicentennial year.
 ▪  May 1st: Labor Day.
 ▪  May 5th: The Battle of Puebla against the French army, 19th century. (Not an official holiday)
 ▪  September 1st: Dia del Informe. Although no longer official, it is still important as it is the day in which the Mexican President addresses to the Nation of the progress his administration on a yearly basis. Every President makes six Informes
 ▪  September 16th: Independence day (celebrates the start of the fight for the independence from Spain in 1810, achieved until September 27th, 1821).
 ▪  October 12: Discovery of America (Descubrimiento de America)(not an official holiday)
 ▪  November 2nd: Day of the dead (Not an official holiday)
 ▪  November 20th: Revolution day (1910)
 ▪  December 12th: Virgin Mary of Guadalupe Day. Unless is not official, is one of the most important Mexican Holidays
 ▪  December 24th: Christmas Eve (Not an official holiday, but usual full non working day or only half day)
 ▪  December 25th: Christmas
 ▪  December 31st: New Years Eve (Not an official holiday, but usual full non working day or only half day)
Easter is widely observed nationwide, according to the yearly Catholic calendar (the first Sunday after the first full moon in Spring). Actual non working days may shift to the Monday before the holiday, so check an up to date calendar.

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