Capital City: Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina or Босна и Херцеговина, usually shortened to BiH)is a European country located on the Balkan peninsula. It was formerly part of Yugoslavia but gained independence in 1992. It borders Croatia to the north, west and southwest, Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the southeast. Mostly mountainous, it has access to a tiny portion of the Adriatic Sea coastline in the south.
Bosniaks (48% of the population), Serbs (37.1%), and Croats (14.3%) form the largest ethnic groups in the country. Since the break-up of Yugoslavia, Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim — an adherent of Islam. Also note that ethnicity and religion mostly overlap; with Muslims (45% of the population, mostly Bosniaks), Orthodox Christians (36%, mostly Serbs), and Catholic Christians (15%, mostly Croats) being the three main faith groups of the country. There are also some Protestants and Jews as well.
Hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast