Capital City: Buenos Aires
Argentina is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America, neighbouring countries being Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline.
Buenos Aires and the Pampas are temperate; cold in the winter, hot and humid in the summer.
The deserts of Cuyo, which can reach temperatures of 50°C, are extremely hot and dry in the summer and moderately cold and dry in the winter. Spring and fall often exhibit rapid temperature reversals; several days of extremely hot weather may be followed by several days of cold weather, then back to extremely hot.
The Andes are cool in the summer and very cold in the winter, varying according to altitude.
Patagonia is cool in the summer and cold in the winter. Extreme temperature shifts within a single day are even more common here; pack a variety of clothes and dress in layers.
Don't forget that seasons are reversed from those of the Northern Hemisphere.
The central region of Argentina is the rich plain known as La Pampa. There is jungle in the extreme northeast. The southern half of Argentina is dominated by the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The western border with Chile is along the rugged Andes mountains, including the Aconcagua, the highest mountain outside the Himalayas. The western Cuyo regions at the base of the Andes are mostly rocky desert with some poisonous frock trees.
Regions ▪ Andean Northwest
▪ Tierra del Fuego
▪ The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, are claimed by Argentina.
CitiesThe largest cities are:
▪ Buenos Aires or "Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires", which people occassionally call Capital Federal to distinguish it from the province of Buenos Aires.
▪ Córdoba, second largest.
▪ Rosario, third largest city.
▪ Mendoza, fourth largest, well known for its extensive and high quality wine production.
▪ La Plata, capital of the most important province, and known as "the perfect city" for its tracing (see map).
▪ San Miguel de Tucuman, The largest city in the northwest. And sixth largest city in Argentina.
▪ San Juan, the tenth largest city, capital of the province of San Juan, and a center of quality wine production.
▪ Salta, Known as 'La Linda', due to its beautiful surroundings.
Other destinations ▪ The awesome Iguazú Falls, right in the north-east corner of the country.
▪ The Nahuel Huapi National Park, in Patagonia in the foothills of the Andes mountains and its main city San Carlos de Bariloche.
▪ El Calafate, the main destination when visiting the Glaciers National Park and the advancing Perito Moreno Glacier.
▪ The Perito Moreno Glacier, really a must when visiting Argentina.
▪ The thrilling Ibera Wetlands (or Esteros del Ibera), a nature reserve of 13'000 sqare km with its eco village Colonia Carlos Pellegrini right in the heart of the reserve.
▪ Many ski centers operate in the Andes during the winter; Las Leñas and San Carlos de Bariloche are particularly well-known.
There are two important nature preserves around Puerto Madryn, Punta Tombo, and Peninsula Valdes where one can see guanacos, rheas, penguins, sea lions, birds, and whales at certain times of the year.
The wine regions of Mendoza and Salta are also very popular tourist destinations, and many tourists are discovering that entering Argentina and using these cities as a base often suits them better than dealing with the bustle of Buenos Aires. Mendoza is a place where many find it is comfortable to learn or brush up on Spanish before touring South America.
TheTraslasierra Valley is a natural geographic region of Córdoba, Argentina, located west of the Big Picks or Hills where Mina Clavero is the capital of tourism and is the most important commercial center togehter with the city of Villa Dolores. Along these magnificent mountain range of almost 2800 mts (9200 ft.) high, several charming villages will welcome you with a great variety of lodgings, restaurants, cultural events and outdoor activities for everyone. The sun shines most of the year inviting you to practice eco-tourism and adventure tourism experiencing a direct contact with nature. In this land where once was inhabited by Comechingones indigenous, is a valley populated by two dozen villages and towns with their own characteristics and distinct styles. Some cultivated a unique profile, but nothing flashy, where golf can be combined with rest and good food. Health tourism is also possible in some places in Traslasierra valley, where alternative therapies or anti-stress programs are available in world class Spas.
Cultural heritage has also a main role, with museums, churches and estancias (ranches) of the eighteenth century.
Walking ToursBuenos Aires has a number of walking tour options. They include the typical tours you may find in any city, as well as interesting options including free walking tours, Downloadable MP3 Walking Tours, and even Running Tours.
SportsThe most popular sport in Argentina is fútbol (soccer). If you come to Argentina, you shouldn't miss the chance to experience a professional match live . Argentina's fans are very passionate.
Football teamsThere are five teams called "Los 5 grandes" and are the elite of the argentinian football tournaments:
▪ Boca Juniors - famous stadium "La Bombonera" where Diego Maradona played.
▪ River Plate - Stadium "El monumental de Nuñez".
▪ Racing Club - The first Argentine team to win the Club World Championships.
▪ San Lorenzo
Other sports ▪ Rugby and basketball (basquet) are also popular.
▪ Polo is popular among the upper classes although it is still part of the nation's culture and can be readily seen in all areas of life.
Tennis has been growing in popularity with the Argentina's steady production of top players over the past three decades.
▪ Field hockey has also became a popular sport, especially among women. The National Women's Field Hockey Team, Las Leonas (The Lionesses), has grown in the past years and developed into a now competes against the best in the world.
▪ Car racing is popular too: The main leagues are Turismo Carretera (Ford vs Chevrolet), TC2000 (Touring Cars) and TopRace. The most important racetrack in Argentina is in Buenos Aires is "Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez.
▪ Golf in Argentina is an increasingly popular sport thanks in part to the success of Argentinian players such as Angel Cabrera, Andres Romero and Eduardo Romero. There are currently around 280 courses in the country, most located around Buenos Aires and including such well-known names as the Jockey Club, Olivos and Hurlingham. On the Atlantic coast in Mar del Plata are a couple of courses that have held international events, and Patagonia has excellent resort courses such as Llao Lloa, Arelauquen and Chapelco (a Nicklaus design) as well as the 9-hole course in Ushaia.